Support to the migration management in South Caucasus - 2009

Support to the migration management in South Caucasus - 2009

The overall objective of this project was to enhance control over the migration movements of migrants to and through South Caucasus while at the same time creating a modern migration management system facilitating the flow of legal migration and reintegration mechanisms.

Through two experience exchanges organized during Autumn 2009 in the Czech Republic, the migration management structures were supported in their capacities, especially in prevention and combating illegal migration, and in the return policy of third country nationals. The second experience exchange concentrated at return and reintegration of returnees, population vulnerable to migration and IDPs.

The Czech experience was further shared through the Handbook of Czech migration management experience published and distributed to the governmental counterparts in each of the South Caucasus countries. The basic division of the handbook is the migration and its legislation, praxis, border management, documents inspection, illegal migration, and support to the reintegration mechanisms for the returnees, IDPs and the population vulnerable to migration.

The South Caucasus region is a very important region for migration capacity building due to significant migration flows to and through all three countries. The South Caucasus countries suffer from high unemployment rates in rural regions and former industrial towns which has led to high outgoing migration abroad. Last but not least, there are significant numbers of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in South Caucasus who are in great need of reintegration in the labor market.