The International Organization for Migration has published the results of the 3rd wave of its ongoing needs survey and intentions of temporary protection holders from Ukraine in Czechia.
26% of respondents said that they do not have enough money to cover their living costs (45% in the previous survey). Most of them also depend only on financial assistance from the state authorities. The needs of Ukrainian respondents remain almost identical across all survey rounds. For 32%, securing long-term accommodation is still a major problem. This is according to the third round of the DTM survey (October - November 2022), which is being conducted by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in Czechia from June 2022.
The needs of respondents among Ukrainian refugees and other third country nationals (TCNs) remain almost constant across all survey rounds conducted. However, the most represented need, which is financial support, is gradually decreasing. While 86% of respondents in the first round (June-July) and 79% in the second round (August-September) indicated a need for financial support, 64% of the 1 384 adults who participated in the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) survey between 3 October and 30 November indicated a need in the latest round. The next most common needs then continue to be employment (58%), language courses (48%) and health care and medication (46% and 39% respectively).
Compared to the previous survey, the number of those who said they did not have enough money to cover their living costs was significantly lower in the third round. In total, 26% of respondents (compared to 45% in the previous survey) relied on money from the authorities in 24% of cases. In 21% of cases, respondents relied on their savings and on family or community support.
Most of the respondents of economically active age were employed in Ukraine before leaving for Czechia. However, most of them face obstacles when looking for work in Czechia. Therefore, at the time of the survey, only 34% of respondents were working in Czechia, 11% of them in the form of temporary jobs. 8% were unemployed and not looking for work, most often because of the need to care for young children or for health reasons.
"Before leaving Ukraine, there were, for example, more students and retired people," says Andrea Svobodová from the IOM research team. "This means that part of those who previously studied or were retired are currently working or looking for work in Czechia. In the case of students, for example, 11% of those who previously studied are now working, 12% are working part-time, and another 40% are looking for work", adds Svobodová.
Nature of the DTM
The data obtained is not based on a fully representative sample and should not be applied to all refugees in Czechia who left their homes in Ukraine because of the war. However, each round of the survey includes more than 1,100 respondents, specifically 1,384 in this reporting period. The Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) survey data is representative of those interviewed in the included locations and timeframe. Most of the surveys were collected during the day at government offices, transit and registration centers, or hotels.
The data is based on the report of a survey on displacement patterns, needs and intentions of refugees launched by IOM's Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) programme in Czechia on 15 June 2022. All interviews were conducted in person by IOM's trained DTM fieldworkers with adult refugees and other third country nationals (TCNs) who left Ukraine due to the war. Interviews were conducted at selected entry and transit points, registration and reception centres identified as the most frequently used by refugees and other third country nationals arriving from Ukraine. The current report presents an analysis based on 1,312 questionnaire surveys conducted between 1 August and 30 September 2022. The sample is not representative of all displaced persons from Ukraine to Czechia and should be considered indicative.